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70.183 (BF1834)

Common Pug   

Eupithecia vulgata
Adult: 2
Resident, common, widespread. Widespread and abundant throughout Britain. Has shown a large increase in distribution trend.


Great care required to separate from other ‘pugs.’ The narrow forewing with curved costa and rough-textured surface, together with the cross-lines always angled at the costa, and a white spot at the trailing edge will help to identify.

Recording method

Comes to light.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as a pupa. Larvae June to July and September.

Larval foodplants

The leaves of a wide variety of trees and plants, including Hawthorn, sallows, Bramble, ragworts and Hogweed.


Wide range of habitats and foodplants.


First recorded for Dumfries and Galloway in 1862 for VC72 near Dumfries by Lennon who said it was ‘rather common around the Dumfries area’, in 1870 for VC73 in Colvend parish by White and in 1899 for VC74 at Corsemalzie by Gordon who found it ‘common and generally distributed, especially abundant on hops at Corsemalzie’.

712 record(s) from 52 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2021 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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