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70.081 (BF1768)

Grey Pine Carpet   

Thera obeliscata
Adult: 2
Resident, common. widespread. Widespread throughout Britain. Has shown a major decrease in abundance since 1970, particularly recently.


Great care needed in separating the Thera species. The central cross-band on the forewing is always narrowed, not pinched out, towards the trailing edge.

Recording method

Easily disturbed from pines during the day.  Comes to light.

Life cycle

Two generations. Overwinters as a larva, during September to June, again July and August, with pupation underground.

Larval foodplants

Larvae feed on wide range of conifers including pines, spruces and cypresses.


Conifer plantations and other habitats where the foodplants are found.


The first records for Dumfries and Galloway were for VC72 Due to much confusion with other Thera species historically, there were no records recorded until Sir Arthur Duncan found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (VC72) sometime between 1930-81 (BRC data).

During 1974-93 there were just over 200 records from all of the Rothamsted stations. Of the remaining 350 records during 1992-2010, it was regularly trapped at Kirkton and Durisdeer (VC72) and at Carsfad near Dalry, with other records from widely scattered sites across the region, proving it to be widespread and common.

766 record(s) from 53 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2015 2022 2022
70.081 Grey Pine Carpet
70.081 Grey Pine Carpet
70.081 Grey Pine Carpet
70.081 Grey Pine Carpet
70.081 Grey Pine Carpet70.081 Grey Pine Carpet70.081 Grey Pine Carpet

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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