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70.158 (BF1854)

Juniper Pug   

Eupithecia pusillata
Adult: 2
Resident, scarce, local. Widespread in England, local in Wales and mainly eastern in Scotland where native Juniper is most common although now feeds on cultivated junipers.


Care required in separating from other ‘pugs.’

Recording method

Can be found flying in hot sunshine near the foodplant juniper.  Comes readily to light.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as an egg. Larvae are present April to early June, with pupation taking place among needles.

Larval foodplants

Common Juniper and cultivated Junipers.


Moorland, upland sites and gardens with the foodplant.


First recorded for Dumfries and Galloway in 1862 for VC73 at Whinney Hill near Kirkconnell Flow by Lennon, in 1940 for VC72 at Tynron Juniper Wood by Duncan but not until 2015 for VC74 on the Mull of Galloway by Richard Mearns.

50 record(s) from 16 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2016 2022 2022
70.158 Juniper Pug
70.158 Juniper Pug
70.158 Juniper Pug

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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