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73.281 (BF2173)


Hadena bicruris
Adult: 2
Resident. Common.


Care required to distinguish from Campion. Forewing with a solid dark tooth-like mark in the centre and no purple-pink tinge. Oval and kidney usually separate.

Recording Method.

Attracted to light, also comes to flowers.

Life cycle

Two overlapping generations. Overwinters as a pupa. Larvae are present late June to early August, again September.

Larval foodplants

Larvae feed on the ripening seeds of Red Campion, White Campion and Sweet William.


A wide variety including hedgerows, coastal areas and woodland.


Gordon (1913) had found it to be scarce, but recorded the first for the region when two were captured in Quhillart meadows, Corsemalzie, Wigtownshire on 27th June 1896. Another, was found at Castle Loch, Mochrum, on 25th June 1897, with another at pinks in his garden at Corsemalzie on 5th July 1905.

Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72). Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43.

During 1974-92 there just over one hundred records from six of the Rothamsted stations, caerlaverock not recording it. From 1992 to 2010 the regular trapped sites at Kirkton, Cally Woods, Kirkcudbright, Forest Moor and Old Torr recorded a lot of records out of the 250 or so during that period, with others coming from widespread sites across the region.

1060 record(s) from 57 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2022 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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