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70.070 (BF1745)


Larentia clavaria
Adult: 3
Probably extinct, was rare and very local. Well distributed in eastern England but much declined in the rest of England and Wales. In Scotland only known from parts of of the very south. It was thought to be extinct but was rediscovered in East Lothian in 2019.


The large size with reddish-brown pointed forewings is diagnostic.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as an egg and pupates underground. Larvae are present April to June, with pupation underground.

Larval foodplants

Common Mallow, Marsh-mallow, Tree-mallow and Hollyhock, none of which are common in Dumfries and Galloway.


Roadside verges and other rough areas.


There are only five, historical records.  It was first recorded for Dumfries and Galloway for VC72 at Raehills, Dumfries by Little, for VC73  in 1820 at Glen Mills, Dumfries by Lennon and for VC74 in 1906 in Port William by Selby who found 21 larvae on his garden hollyhocks.

4 record(s) from 4 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 1906 1870 1820
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 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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