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54.009 (BF171)

Narrow-bordered Five-spot Burnet   

Zygaena lonicerae
Adult: 2
Resident. Rare.


Unmistakable, the only burnet moth in the region with five discrete red spots on the wing. The red and black markings serve as a warning to predators that the moth is toxic, releasing poisons such as hydrogen cyanide if attacked.

Recording Method.

A day-flying moth, flying particularly in sunshine. Spends much time feeding on flowers, even in cloudy weather.

Life Cycle

One generation. Overwinters as a larva. Larva August to June, pupates in an exposed cocoon on a grass or plant stem.

Larval foodplants

Meadow Vetchling, Greater Bird’s-foot-trefoil, Red Clover and Sainfoin.


Roadside verges and flower-rich grassland.


The first Scottish colony was found in July 1993 by the roadside at Dalskairth, between Beeswing and Cargenbridge (VC73).

It was subsequently discovered at several other sites in lowland Scotland, and in July 2015 Birkshaw Forest near Lockerbie became the second site in Dumfries and Galloway, providing the first record for Dumfriesshire.


46 record(s) from 3 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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