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70.091 (BF1756)

Northern Spinach   

Eulithis populata
Adult: 2
Resident, common, widespread. Widespread in western and northern Britain. In Scotland widespread throughout reflecting the distribution of its foodplant Bilberry. Has shown a decline in abundance and distribution since 1970.


Care required to separate it from Chevron, Dark Spinach and Spinach. The double projection on the dark central cross-band, with a series of round or oval paler blotches internally, with the triangular blotch at the apex should help to identify it.

Recording method

Flies from dusk, comes to light.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as an egg on the foodplant. Larvae are present April to June, pupating in a cocoon on the foodplant or on the ground below.

Larval foodplants



Moorland and open upland woodland.


First recorded for Dumfries and Galloway in 1858 for VC72 near Moffat by Somerville who had found it to be ‘common’,  in 1862 for VC73 at Dalskairth by Lennon who reported that it was ‘not common’ and in 1897 for VC74 at Corsemalzie by Gordon who thought that it was ‘scarce, taken a few near Kennel Wood and on the moors where bog myrtle grows’.

573 record(s) from 59 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2012 2022 2022
70.091 Northern Spinach
70.091 Northern Spinach

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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