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04.035 (BF68)

Sallow Pigmy   

Stigmella salicis
Leaf Mine: L
Resident. Local.


DNA barcoding in 2012 discovered Stigmella salicis is in fact a complex of several species in seven clusters.  Two of these clusters are found in the UK.  Cluster 1 is found throughout the UK – including Dumfries & Galloway – and the egg is laid on the underside of the leaf.  Cluster 6 only occurs in the south of England and Wales and the egg is laid on the upper side of the leaf.

Life cycle

Mines: June-July, September-November.  Adults fly April-May, July-August.

Larval foodplants

Mostly the hairy Salix species such as Grey Willow S. cinerea, Goat Willow S. caprea and Eared Willow S. aurita.


The first for Dumfries & Galloway was of leaf-mines found at Glencaple, Dumfriesshire, on 12th October 1952 by E. C. Pelham-Clinton and bred on, emerging 9th March 1953, who then found the first for Kirkcudbrightshire which was of leaf-mines at White Loch, Colvend, on 12th October 1952, with the Wigtownshire first also being of leaf-mines, found at Cairnryan on 22nd September 1963, again by Pelham-Clinton.

22 record(s) from 11 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2013 2021 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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