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73.047 (BF2291)


Craniophora ligustri
Adult: 2
Resident. Common.


The fine white marbling on the thorax and on the brownish-purplish forewing, forming a blotch beyond the kidney-mark which resembles a crown, is diagnostic. Form coronula where the usual white markings are missing but has a greenish tinge instead has been recorded.

Recording Method.

Attracted to light.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as a pupa. Larvae during July to September.

Larval foodplants

Larvae feed on many herbaceous and woody plants.


A wide range of open habitats.


Lennon (1863) stated that it was not common, but that it had occurred at Terregles (VC72). Douglas Robinson (1870-71) had found it common during July on Almorness (VC73). He also found the larvae in August and September. Gordon (1913) had found The Coronet to be fairly common some seasons at sugar at Corsemalzie, especially in 1896, 1898-1905, but he added that it had gone scarce since then. Earliest date was 6th June 1896.

Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72). Archibald Russell (1944) listed it as occurring near Gatehouse of Fleet (VC73) during the years 1942-43.

One Rothamsted record each from Penninghame (VC74) in 1976 and Waterside Mains at Keir in 1980. Regular trapping on the Hensol Estate (VC73) 1981-84, Kirkton (VC72) 1994-2000, and Cally Woods (VC73) 1998-2000, amassed about thirty records, proving its scarcity. The only record between 1976 and 2010 in Wigtownshire was one trapped at Forest Moor in June, 2006.

212 record(s) from 38 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2021 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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