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70.270 (BF1947)


Ectropis crepuscularia
Adult: 2
Resident, common, widespread. Widespread throughout mainland Britain.


Very variable.  Formerly considered in the UK as two separate species, Engrailed and Small Engrailed (70.271). Recent DNA profiles are now complete, and have proven Engrailed and Small Engrailed are one and the same. Older ID books (e.g Waring et al. (2003, 2009) and Skinner (2009)) list the species separately.

Recording method

Adults can be found on tree trunks during the day, comes to light.

Life cycle

One or two generations, up to three further south of UK. Overwinters as a underground pupa. Larvae present May to June, again August to September.

Larval foodplants

A wide variety of woody plants, including Broom, Downy Birch, Hawthorn, Hazel, Hornbeam, Sallows, Spindle and Wild Privet to name a few.


Mainly broadleaved woodland, but also in gardens, hedgerows and scrubby areas.


First recorded for Dumfries and Galloway in 1820 for VC72 (as a Small Engrailed) at Raehills by Little, in 1862 for VC73 (as a Small Engrailed) at Dalskairth by Lennon and in 1912 for VC74 (as a Small Engrailed) at Corsemalzie by Gordon.  The first record of this moth as an Engrailed was in 1930 for VC72 at Closeburn by Duncan.

724 record(s) from 47 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2021 2022 2022
70.270 Engrailed
70.270 Engrailed
70.270 Engrailed
70.270 Engrailed
70.270 Engrailed70.270 Engrailed70.270 Engrailed70.270 Engrailed

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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