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73.356 (BF2135)

Heath Rustic   

Xestia agathina
Adult: 1
Resident. Common.


A constant feature is the straw-coloured or whitish oval within a long black wedge. Another is the fine, dark inner central cross-line which is deeply zig-zagged.

Recording Method.

Attracted to light, also comes to sugar and flowers.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as a small larva, during September to June. Pupates close to the ground.

Larval foodplants



Acid heathland and moorland. Most numerous where the heather is tall.


Gordon (1913) stated it was not uncommon on the moors around Corsemalzie (VC74), finding it on heather blossom after dark and adding that it also came to light on the moors. He added that larvae can be obtained by sweeping the heather in May and June. Earliest date was 18th August 1906.

Pelham-Clinton had found it at Glenluce (VC74) during the late 1950s, while in 1972 (BRC data) it was found at Mochrum Loch (VC74) and the Stroan Loch area (Vc73). Another five records were added in the latter half of the 1970s.

With no records during the 1980s, it was 1994 before it was seen again, and that was on Rough Island (VC73). Another record of a larva found on Carsegowan Moss (VC74) in 1997, was all that was found during the 1990s.

The first decade of the 21st century however had produced over twenty records, probably through portable trapping equipment being taken to the heather and moorland sites, like Corserig Hill and Kirkconnell Flow NNR.

113 record(s) from 35 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2021 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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