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72.042 (BF2039)

Red-necked Footman   

Atolmis rubricollis
Adult: 1
Resident. Common.


Unmistakable with the black wings and red collar.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as a pupa close to the ground in a cocoon. Larvae are present September and October.

Larval foodplants

Larvae feed on lichens growing on trees.


Broadleaved woodland and conifer plantations.

History 1860-2010

Writing in June 1856, T.B. Grierson found it ‘unusually common at present’ at Thornhill (The Entomologists’ Weekly Intelligencer (1856) 1: 108).

Lennon (1863) had found it not common, but had found it on Tinwald Downs (VC72).

The next record came from Plantain Loch in Dalbeattie Forest when four were found on 13th June 1992. In 1996, during 4th to 17th July, it was found on Screel Hill, Loch Mackie, Southwick Burn Wood and Longbridgemuir SSSI.

From then on until 2010 it had been found annually at a wide variety of sites across the region, including swarms on the Raider’s Road on 19th June 2002 when they were fluttering everywhere. During 2003 nesting Pied Flycatcher’s fed there young almost exclusively on Red-necked Footman imagos at Penpont (VC72).

By late 2003 they had been recorded from twenty-one 10km squares such was the northward spread.

415 record(s) from 55 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2022 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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