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73.182 (BF2274)


Cirrhia icteritia
Adult: 2
Resident. Common.


Variable, but highly distinctive.

Recording Method.

Attracted to light, also comes to sugar and flowers.

Life cycle

One generation. Overwinters as an egg on the foodplant. Larvae are present from late March to early June. Pupation takes place about six weeks later from an underground cocoon.

Larval foodplants

The larvae feed on the catkins of sallows and poplars, later moving to docks and such like.


Wherever there are sallows and poplars.


The earliest notification of this species is published in Stephens (1829) with the Rev. William Little recording it at Raehills (VC72).

Lennon (1863) had found it on the Tinwald Downs. Buchanan White of Perth (1895) listed it as occurring in Colvend and Southwick parishes (VC73). Gordon (1913) found it common on heather blossom in the Corsemalzie area, with the larvae common in sallow catkins on 15th April 1906. Earliest date was 14th August 1910.

Sir Arthur Duncan (1909-84) during his lifetime had found it at Closeburn, Tynron and Castlehill, Dumfries (all VC72). Buchanan White of Perth (1895) listed it as occurring in Colvend and Southwick parishes (VC73).

During 1974-93 six of the seven Rothamsted stations managed 120 records, Caerlaverock not recording it.

From 1993 to 2010 the regular trapped sites at Kirkton, Durisdeer, Mersehead RSPB and Old Torr, provided most of the 200 records, with others from scattered sites across the region.

The yellowish form flavescens Esper that has faint orange crosslines was first noticed by White in 1870. Since then we have had a handful of records from Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire, but I feel it is not being recorded as such.

822 record(s) from 51 hectad(s) in D&G

VC74 VC73 VC72
Last recorded 2021 2022 2022

 UK Moths website - further information on species (with photos)

 East Scotland Butterfly Conservation website - national distribution maps and phenology

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